R-1. Agreement of Parties
(a) The parties shall be deemed to have made these rules as a part of their arbitration agreement whenever they have provided for arbitration by the Indian Institute for International Mediation and Arbitration (hereinafter referred to as IIIMA) under its Commercial Arbitration Rules or for arbitration of a domestic commercial dispute without specifying particular rules. These rules and amendment, if any, of them shall apply in the form in effect at the time the administrative requirements are met for a demand for arbitration or submission agreement received by the IIIMA. The parties, by written agreement, may vary the procedures set forth in these rules. After appointment of the arbitrator, such modifications may be made only with the consent of the arbitrator.
(b) Unless the parties or the IIIMA determines otherwise, the Expedited Procedures shall apply in any case in which no disclosed claim or counterclaim exceeds $50,000 or Rs.25,00,000/- exclusive of interest and arbitration fees and costs. Parties may also agree to use these procedures in larger cases. Unless the parties agree otherwise, these procedures will not apply in cases involving more than two parties. The Expedited Procedures shall be applied as described in Sections E-1 through E-10 of these rules, in addition to any other portion of these rules that is not in conflict with the Expedited Procedures.
(c) Unless the parties agree otherwise, the Procedures for Large, Complex Commercial Disputes shall apply to all cases in which the disclosed claim or counterclaim of any party is at least $5,00,000, or Rs.2,50,00,000/-or exclusive of claimed interest, arbitration fees and costs. Parties may also agree to use the Procedures in cases involving claims or counterclaims under $5,00,000, orRs.2,50,00,000/- or in nonmonetary cases. The Procedures for Large, Complex Commercial Disputes shall be applied as described in Sections L-1 through L-4 of these rules, in addition to any other portion of these rules that is not in conflict with the Procedures for Large, Complex Commercial Disputes.
(d) All other cases shall be administered in accordance with Sections R-1 through R-54 of these rules.
R-2. IIIMA and Delegation of Duties
When parties agree to arbitrate under these rules, or when they provide for arbitration by the IIIMA and arbitration is initiated under these rules, they thereby authorize the IIIMA to administer the arbitration. The authority and duties of the IIIMA are prescribed in the agreement of the parties and in these rules, and may be carried out through such of the IIIMA's representatives as it may direct. The IIIMA may, in its discretion, assign the administration of arbitration to any of its offices.
R-3. National Roster of Arbitrators
The IIIMA shall establish and maintain a National Roster of Commercial Arbitrators ("National Roster") and shall appoint arbitrators as provided in these rules. The term "arbitrator" in these rules refers to the arbitration panel, constituted for a particular case, whether composed of one or more arbitrators, or to an individual arbitrator, as the context requires.
R-4. Initiation under an Arbitration Provision in a Contract
(a) Arbitration under an arbitration provision in a contract shall be initiated in the following manner:
(i) The initiating party (the "claimant") shall, within the time period, if any, specified in the contract(s), give to the other party (the "respondent") written notice of its intention to arbitrate (the "demand"), which demand shall contain a statement setting forth the nature of the dispute, the names and addresses of all other parties, the amount involved, if any, the remedy sought, and the hearing locale requested.
(ii) The claimant shall file two copies of the demand and two copies of the arbitration provisions of the contract, together with the appropriate filing fee as provided in the schedule included with these rules, at the office of IIIMA.
(b) A respondent may file an answering statement in duplicate with the IIIMA within 15 days after confirmation of notice of filing of the demand is sent by the IIIMA. The respondent shall, at the time of any such filing, send a copy of the answering statement to the claimant. If a counterclaim is asserted, it shall contain a statement setting forth the nature of the counterclaim, the amount involved, if any, and the remedy sought. If a counterclaim is made, the party making the counterclaim shall forward to the IIIMA with the answering statement the appropriate fee provided in the schedule included with these rules.
(c) If no answering statement is filed within the stated time, respondent will be deemed to deny the claim. Failure to file an answering statement shall not operate to delay the arbitration.
(d) When filing any statement pursuant to this section, the parties are encouraged to provide descriptions of their claims in sufficient detail to make the circumstances of the dispute clear to the arbitrator.
R-5. Initiation under a Submission
Parties to any existing dispute may commence an arbitration under these rules by filing at the office of the IIIMA two copies of a written submission to arbitrate under these rules, signed by the parties. It shall contain a statement of the nature of the dispute, the names and addresses of all parties, any claims and counterclaims, the amount involved, if any, the remedy sought, and the hearing locale requested, together with the appropriate filing fee as provided in the schedule included with these rules. Unless the parties state otherwise in the submission, all claims and counterclaims will be deemed to be denied by the other party.
R-6. Changes of Claim
After filing of a claim, if either party desires to make any new or different claim or counterclaim, it shall be made in writing and filed with the IIIMA. The party asserting such a claim or counterclaim shall provide a copy to the other party, who shall have 15 days from the date of such transmission within which to file an answering statement with the IIIMA. After the arbitrator is appointed, however, no new or different claim may be submitted except with the arbitrator's consent.
(a) The arbitrator shall have the power to rule on his or her own jurisdiction, including any objections with respect to the existence, scope or validity of the arbitration agreement.
(b) The arbitrator shall have the power to determine the existence or validity of a contract of which an arbitration clause forms a part. Such an arbitration clause shall be treated as an agreement independent of the other terms of the contract. A decision by the arbitrator that the contract is null and void shall not for that reason alone render invalid the arbitration clause.
(c) A party must object to the jurisdiction of the arbitrator or to the arbitrability of a claim or counterclaim no later than the filing of the answering statement to the claim or counterclaim that gives rise to the objection. The arbitrator may rule on such objections as a preliminary matter or as part of the final award.
At any stage of the proceedings, the parties may agree to conduct a mediation conference under the Commercial Mediation Procedures in order to facilitate settlement. The mediator shall not be an arbitrator appointed to the case. Where the parties to a pending arbitration agree to mediate under the IIIMA's rules, no additional administrative fee is required to initiate the mediation.
R-9. Administrative Conference
At the request of any party or upon the IIIMA's own initiative, the IIIMA may conduct an administrative conference, in person or by telephone, with the parties and/or their representatives. The conference may address such issues as arbitrator selection, potential mediation of the dispute, potential exchange of information, a timetable for hearings and any other administrative matters
R-10. Fixing of Locale
The parties may mutually agree on the locale where the arbitration is to be held. If any party requests that the hearing be held in a specific locale and the other party files no objection thereto within 15 days after notice of the request has been sent to it by the IIIMA , the locale shall be the one requested. If a party objects to the locale requested by the other party, the IIIMA shall have the power to determine the locale, and its decision shall be final and binding.
R-11. Appointment from National Roster
(a) If the parties have not appointed an arbitrator and have not provided any other method of appointment, the arbitrator shall be appointed in the following manner: The IIIMA shall send simultaneously to each party to the dispute an identical list of 10 (unless the IIIMA decides that a different number is appropriate) names of persons chosen from the National Roster. The parties are encouraged to agree to an arbitrator from the submitted list and to advise theIIIMA of their agreement.
(b) If the parties are unable to agree upon an arbitrator, each party to the dispute shall have 15 days from the transmittal date in which to strike names objected to, number the remaining names in order of preference, and return the list to the IIIMA. If a party does not return the list within the time specified, all persons named therein shall be deemed acceptable. From among the persons who have been approved on both lists, and in accordance with the designated order of mutual preference, the IIIMAshall invite the acceptance of an arbitrator to serve. If the parties fail to agree on any of the persons named, or if acceptable arbitrators are unable to act, or if for any other reason the appointment cannot be made from the submitted lists, the IIIMA shall have the power to make the appointment from among other members of the National Roster without the submission of additional lists.
(c) Unless the parties agree otherwise when there are two or more claimants or two or more respondents, the IIIMA may appoint all the arbitrators.
R-12. Direct Appointment by a Party
(a) If the agreement of the parties names an arbitrator or specifies a method of appointing an arbitrator, that designation or method shall be followed. The notice of appointment, with the name and address of the arbitrator, shall be filed with the IIIMA by the appointing party. Upon the request of any appointing party, the IIIMA shall submit a list of members of the National Roster from which the party may, if it so desires, makes the appointment.
(b) Where the parties have agreed that each party is to name one arbitrator, the arbitrators so named must meet the standards of Section R-17 with respect to impartiality and independence unless the parties have specifically agreed pursuant to Section R-17(a) that the party-appointed arbitrators are to be non-neutral and need not meet those standards.
(c) If the agreement specifies a period of time within which an arbitrator shall be appointed and any party fails to make the appointment within that period, the IIIMA shall make the appointment.
(d) If no period of time is specified in the agreement, the IIIMA shall notify the party to make the appointment. If within 15 days after such notice has been sent, an arbitrator has not been appointed by a party, the IIIMA shall make the appointment.
R-13. Appointment of Chairperson by Party-Appointed Arbitrators or Parties
(a) If, pursuant to Section R-12, either the parties have directly appointed arbitrators, or the arbitrators have been appointed by the IIIMA, and the parties have authorized them to appoint a chairperson within a specified time and no appointment is made within that time or any agreed extension, the IIIMA may appoint the chairperson.
(b) If no period of time is specified for appointment of the chairperson and the party-appointed arbitrators or the parties do not make the appointment within 15 days from the date of the appointment of the last party-appointed arbitrator, the IIIMA may appoint the chairperson.
R-14. Nationality of Arbitrator
Where the parties are nationals of different countries, the IIIMA, at the request of any party or on its own initiative, may appoint as arbitrator a national of a country other than that of any of the parties. The request must be made before the time set for the appointment of the arbitrator as agreed by the parties or set by these rules.
R-15. Number of Arbitrators
If the arbitration agreement does not specify the number of arbitrators, the dispute shall be heard and determined by one arbitrator, unless the IIIMA, in its discretion, directs that three arbitrators be appointed. A party may request three arbitrators in the demand or answer, which request the IIIMA will consider in exercising its discretion regarding the number of arbitrators appointed to the dispute.
(a) Any person appointed or to be appointed as an arbitrator shall disclose to the IIIMA any circumstance likely to give rise to justifiable doubt as to the arbitrator's impartiality or independence, including any bias or any financial or personal interest in the result of the arbitration or any past or present relationship with the parties or their representatives. Such obligation shall remain in effect throughout the arbitration.
(b) Upon receipt of such information from the arbitrator or another source, the IIIMA shall communicate the information to the parties and, if it deems it appropriate to do so, to the arbitrator and others.
(c) In order to encourage disclosure by arbitrators, disclosure of information pursuant to this Section R-16 is not to be construed as an indication that the arbitrator considers that the disclosed circumstance is likely to affect impartiality or independence.
R-17. Disqualification of Arbitrator
(a) An arbitrator shall be impartial and independent and shall perform his or her duties with diligence and in good faith, and shall be subject to disqualification for
(i) partiality or lack of independence,
(ii) inability or refusal to perform his or her duties with diligence and in good faith, and
(iii) any grounds for disqualification provided by applicable law. The parties may agree in writing, however, that arbitrators directly appointed by a party pursuant to Section R-12 shall be nonneutral, in which case such arbitrators need not be impartial or independent and shall not be subject to disqualification for partiality or lack of independence.
(b) Upon objection of a party to the continued service of an arbitrator, or on its own initiative, the IIIMA shall determine whether the arbitrator should be disqualified under the grounds set out above, and shall inform the parties of its decision, which decision shall be conclusive.
R-18. Communication with Arbitrator
(a) No party and no one acting on behalf of any party shall communicate ex parte with an arbitrator or a candidate for arbitrator concerning the arbitration, except that a party, or someone acting on behalf of a party, may communicate ex parte with a candidate for direct appointment pursuant to Section R-12 in order to advise the candidate of the general nature of the controversy and of the anticipated proceedings and to discuss the candidate's qualifications, availability, or independence in relation to the parties or to discuss the suitability of candidates for selection as a third arbitrator where the parties or party-designated arbitrators are to participate in that selection.
(b) Section R-18(a) does not apply to arbitrators directly appointed by the parties who, pursuant to Section R-17(a), the parties have agreed in writing are non-neutral. Where the parties have so agreed under Section R-17(a), the IIIMA shall as an administrative practice suggest to the parties that they agree further that Section R-18(a) should nonetheless apply prospectively.
(a) If for any reason an arbitrator is unable to perform the duties of the office, the IIIMA may, on proof satisfactory to it, declare the office vacant. Vacancies shall be filled in accordance with the applicable provisions of these rules.
(b) In the event of a vacancy in a panel of neutral arbitrators after the hearings have commenced, the remaining arbitrator or arbitrators may continue with the hearing and determination of the controversy, unless the parties agree otherwise.
(c) In the event of the appointment of a substitute arbitrator, the panel of arbitrators shall determine in its sole discretion whether it is necessary to repeat all or part of any prior hearings.
R-20. Preliminary Hearing
(a) At the request of any party or at the discretion of the arbitrator or the IIIMA, the arbitrator may schedule as soon as practicable a preliminary hearing with the parties and/or their representatives. The preliminary hearing may be conducted by telephone at the arbitrator's discretion.
(b) During the preliminary hearing, the parties and the arbitrator should discuss the future conduct of the case, including clarification of the issues and claims, a schedule for the hearings and any other preliminary matters.
R-21. Exchange of Information
(a) At the request of any party or at the discretion of the arbitrator, consistent with the expedited nature of arbitration, the arbitrator may direct
(i) the production of documents and other information, and
(ii) the identification of any witnesses to be called.
(b) At least five business days prior to the hearing, the parties shall exchange copies of all exhibits they intend to submit at the hearing.
(c) The arbitrator is authorized to resolve any disputes concerning the exchange of information.
R-22. Date, Time, and Place of Hearing
The arbitrator shall set the date, time, and place for each hearing. The parties shall respond to requests for hearing dates in a timely manner, be cooperative in scheduling the earliest practicable date, and adhere to the established hearing schedule. The IIIMAshall send a notice of hearing to the parties at least 10 days in advance of the hearing date, unless otherwise agreed by the parties.
R-23. Attendance at Hearings
The arbitrator and the IIIMA shall maintain the privacy of the hearings unless the law provides to the contrary. Any person having a direct interest in the arbitration is entitled to attend hearings. The arbitrator shall otherwise have the power to require the exclusion of any witness, other than a party or other essential person, during the testimony of any other witness. It shall be discretionary with the arbitrator to determine the propriety of the attendance of any other person other than a party and its representatives.
Any party may be represented by counsel or other authorized representative. A party intending to be so represented shall notify the other party and the IIIMA of the name and address of the representative at least three days prior to the date set for the hearing at which that person is first to appear. When such a representative initiates an arbitration or responds for a party, notice is deemed to have been given.
Before proceeding with the first hearing, each arbitrator may take an oath of office and, if required by law, shall do so. The arbitrator may require witnesses to testify under oath administered by any duly qualified person and, if it is required by law or requested by any party, shall do so.
R-26. Stenographic Record
Any party desiring a stenographic record shall make arrangements directly with a stenographer and shall notify the other parties of these arrangements at least three days in advance of the hearing. The requesting party or parties shall pay the cost of the record. If the transcript is agreed by the parties, or determined by the arbitrator to be the official record of the proceeding, it must be provided to the arbitrator and made available to the other parties for inspection, at a date, time, and place determined by the arbitrator.
Any party wishing an interpreter shall make all arrangements directly with the interpreter and shall assume the costs of the service.
The arbitrator may postpone any hearing upon agreement of the parties, upon request of a party for good cause shown, or upon the arbitrator's own initiative.
R-29. Arbitration in the Absence of a Party or Representative
Unless the law provides to the contrary, the arbitration may proceed in the absence of any party or representative who, after due notice, fails to be present or fails to obtain a postponement. An award shall not be made solely on the default of a party. The arbitrator shall require the party who is present to submit such evidence as the arbitrator may require for the making of an award.
R-30. Conduct of Proceedings
(a) The claimant shall present evidence to support its claim. The respondent shall then present evidence to support its defense. Witnesses for each party shall also submit to questions from the arbitrator and the adverse party. The arbitrator has the discretion to vary this procedure, provided that the parties are treated with equality and that each party has the right to be heard and is given a fair opportunity to present its case.
(b) The arbitrator, exercising his or her discretion, shall conduct the proceedings with a view to expediting the resolution of the dispute and may direct the order of proof, bifurcate proceedings and direct the parties to focus their presentations on issues the decision of which could dispose of all or part of the case.
(c) The parties may agree to waive oral hearings in any case.
(a) The parties may offer such evidence as is relevant and material to the dispute and shall produce such evidence as the arbitrator may deem necessary to an understanding and determination of the dispute. Conformity to legal rules of evidence shall not be necessary. All evidence shall be taken in the presence of all of the arbitrators and all of the parties, except where any of the parties is absent, in default or has waived the right to be present.
(b) The arbitrator shall determine the admissibility, relevance, and materiality of the evidence offered and may exclude evidence deemed by the arbitrator to be cumulative or irrelevant.
(c) The arbitrator shall take into account applicable principles of legal privilege, such as those involving the confidentiality of communications between a lawyer and client.
(d) An arbitrator or other person authorized by law to subpoena witnesses or documents may do so upon the request of any party or independently.
R-32. Evidence by Affidavit and Post-hearing Filing of Documents or Other Evidence
(a) The arbitrator may receive and consider the evidence of witnesses by declaration or affidavit, but shall give it only such weight as the arbitrator deems it entitled to after consideration of any objection made to its admission.
(b) If the parties agree or the arbitrator directs that documents or other evidence be submitted to the arbitrator after the hearing, the documents or other evidence shall be filed with the IIIMA for transmission to the arbitrator. All parties shall be afforded an opportunity to examine and respond to such documents or other evidence.
R-33. Inspection or Investigation
An arbitrator finding it necessary to make an inspection or investigation in connection with the arbitration shall direct the IIIMA to so advise the parties. The arbitrator shall set the date and time and the IIIMA shall notify the parties. Any party who so desires may be present at such an inspection or investigation. In the event that one or all parties are not present at the inspection or investigation, the arbitrator shall make an oral or written report to the parties and afford them an opportunity to comment.
R-34. Interim Measures**
(a) The arbitrator may take whatever interim measures he or she deems necessary, including injunctive relief and measures for the protection or conservation of property and disposition of perishable goods.
(b) Such interim measures may take the form of an interim award, and the arbitrator may require security for the costs of such measures.
(c) A request for interim measures addressed by a party to a judicial authority shall not be deemed incompatible with the agreement to arbitrate or a waiver of the right to arbitrate.
** The Optional Rules may be found below.
R-35. Closing of Hearing
The arbitrator shall specifically inquire of all parties whether they have any further proofs to offer or witnesses to be heard. Upon receiving negative replies or if satisfied that the record is complete, the arbitrator shall declare the hearing closed. If briefs are to be filed, the hearing shall b e declared closed as of the final date set by the arbitrator for the receipt of briefs. If documents are to be filed as provided in Section R-32 and the date set for their receipt is later than that set for the receipt of briefs, the later date shall be the closing date of the hearing. The time limit within which the arbitrator is required to make the award shall commence, in the absence of other agreements by the parties, upon the closing of the hearing.
R-36. Reopening of Hearing
The hearing may be reopened on the arbitrator's initiative, or upon application of a party, at any time before the award is made. If reopening the hearing would prevent the making of the award within the specific time agreed on by the parties in the contract(s) out of which the controversy has arisen, the matter may not be reopened unless the parties agree on an extension of time. When no specific date is fixed in the contract, the arbitrator may reopen the hearing and shall have 30 days from the closing of the reopened hearing within which to make an award.
R-37. Waiver of Rules
Any party who proceeds with the arbitration after knowledge that any provision or requirement of these rules has not been complied with and who fails to state an objection in writing shall be deemed to have waived the right to object.
R-38. Extensions of Time
The parties may modify any period of time by mutual agreement. The IIIMA or the arbitrator may for good cause extend any period of time established by these rules, except the time for making the award. The IIIMA shall notify the parties of any extension.
R-39. Serving of Notice
(a) Any papers, notices, or process necessary or proper for the initiation or continuation of an arbitration under these rules, for any court action in connection therewith, or for the entry of judgment on any award made under these rules may be served on a party by mail addressed to the party, or its representative at the last known address or by personal service, in or outside the state where the arbitration is to be held, provided that reasonable opportunity to be heard with regard to the dispute is or has been granted to the party.
(b) The IIIMA, the arbitrator and the parties may also use overnight delivery or electronic facsimile transmission (fax), to give the notices required by these rules. Where all parties and the arbitrator agree, notices may be transmitted by electronic mail (E-mail), or other methods of communication.
(c) Unless otherwise instructed by the IIIMA or by the arbitrator, any documents submitted by any party to the IIIMA or to the arbitrator shall simultaneously be provided to the other party or parties to the arbitration.
R-40. Majority Decision
When the panel consists of more than one arbitrator, unless required by law or by the arbitration agreement, a majority of the arbitrators must make all decisions.
R-41. Time of Award
The award shall be made promptly by the arbitrator and, unless otherwise agreed by the parties or specified by law, no later than 30 days from the date of closing the hearing, or, if oral hearings have been waived, from the date of the IIIMA's transmittal of the final statements and proofs to the arbitrator.
R-42. Form of Award
(a) Any award shall be in writing and signed by a majority of the arbitrators. It shall b executed in the manner required by law.
(b) The arbitrator need not render a reasoned award unless the parties request such an award in writing prior to appointment of the arbitrator or unless the arbitrator determines that a reasoned award is appropriate.
R-43. Scope of Award
(a) The arbitrator may grant any remedy or relief that the arbitrator deems just and equitable and within the scope of the agreement of the parties, including, but not limited to, specific performance of a contract.
(b) In addition to a final award, the arbitrator may make other decisions, including interim, interlocutory, or partial rulings, orders, and awards. In any interim, interlocutory, or partial award, the arbitrator may assess and apportion the fees, expenses, and compensation related to such award as the arbitrator determines is appropriate.
(c) In the final award, the arbitrator shall assess the fees, expenses, and compensation provided in Sections R-49, R-50, and R-51. The arbitrator may apportion such fees, expenses, and compensation among the parties in such amounts as the arbitrator determines is appropriate.
(d) The award of the arbitrator(s) may include:
(i) interest at such rate and from such date as the arbitrator(s) may deem appropriate; and
(ii) an award of attorneys' fees if all parties have requested such an award or it is authorized by law or their arbitration agreement.
R-44. Award upon Settlement
If the parties settle their dispute during the course of the arbitration and if the parties so request, the arbitrator may set forth the terms of the settlement in a "consent award." A consent award must include an allocation of arbitration costs, including administrative fees and expenses as well as arbitrator fees and expenses.
R-45. Delivery of Award to Parties
Parties shall accept as notice and delivery of the award the placing of the award or a true copy thereof in the mail addressed to the parties or their representatives at the last known addresses, personal or electronic service of the award, or the filing of the award in any other manner that is permitted by law.
R-46. Modification of Award
Within 21 days after the transmittal of an award, any party, upon notice to the other parties, may request the arbitrator, through the IIIMA, to correct any clerical, typographical, or computational errors in the award. The arbitrator is not empowered to redetermine the merits of any claim already decided. The other parties shall be given 10 days to respond to the request. The arbitrator shall dispose of the request within 21 days after transmittal by the IIIMA to the arbitrator of the request and any response thereto.
R-47. Release of Documents for Judicial Proceedings
The IIIMA shall, upon the written request of a party, furnish to the party, at the party's expense, certified copies of any papers in the IIIMA's possession that may be required in judicial proceedings relating to the arbitration.
R-48. Applications to Court and Exclusion of Liability
(a) No judicial proceeding by a party relating to the subject matter of the arbitration shall be deemed a waiver of the party's right to arbitrate.
(b) Neither the IIIMA nor any arbitrator in a proceeding under these rules is a necessary or proper party in judicial proceedings relating to the arbitration.
(c) Parties to an arbitration under these rules shall be deemed to have consented that judgment upon the arbitration award may be entered in any federal or state court having jurisdiction thereof.
(d) Parties to an arbitration under these rules shall be deemed to have consented that neither the IIIMA nor any arbitrator shall be liable to any party in any action for damages or injunctive relief for any act or omission in connection with any arbitration under these rules.
R-49. Administrative Fees
The IIIMA shall prescribe an initial filing fee and a case service fee to compensate it for the cost of providing administrative services. The fees in effect when the fee or charge is incurred shall be applicable. The filing fee shall be advanced by the party or parties making a claim or counterclaim, subject to final apportionment by the arbitrator in the award. The IIIMA may, in the event of extreme hardship on the part of any party, defer or reduce the administrative fees.
The expenses of witnesses for either side shall be paid by the party producing such witnesses. All other expenses of the arbitration, including required travel and other expenses of the arbitrator, IIIMA representatives, and any witness and the cost of any proof produced at the direct request of the arbitrator, shall be borne equally by the parties, unless they agree otherwise or unless the arbitrator in the award assesses such expenses or any part thereof against any specified party or parties.
R-51. Neutral Arbitrator's Compensation
(a) Arbitrators shall be compensated at a rate consistent with the arbitrator's stated rate of compensation.
(b) If there is disagreement concerning the terms of compensation, an appropriate rate shall be established with the arbitrator by the IIIMA and confirmed to the parties.
(c) Any arrangement for the compensation of a neutral arbitrator shall be made through the IIIMA and not directly between the parties and the arbitrator.
The IIIMA may require the parties to deposit in advance of any hearings such sums of money as it deems necessary to cover the expense of the arbitration, including the arbitrator's fee, if any, and shall render an accounting to the parties and return any unexpended balance at the conclusion of the case.
R-53. Interpretation and Application of Rules
The arbitrator shall interpret and apply these rules insofar as they relate to the arbitrator's powers and duties. When there is more than one arbitrator and a difference arises among them concerning the meaning or application of these rules, it shall be decided by a majority vote. If that is not possible, either an arbitrator or a party may refer the question to the IIIMA for final decision. All other rules shall be interpreted and applied by the IIIMA.
R-54. Suspension for Nonpayment
If arbitrator compensation or administrative charges have not been paid in full, the IIIMA may so inform the parties in order that one of them may advance the required payment. If such payments are not made, the arbitrator may order the suspension or termination of the proceedings. If no arbitrator has yet been appointed, the IIIMA may suspend the proceedings.
R-54. Suspension for Nonpayment
If arbitrator compensation or administrative charges have not been paid in full, the IIIMA may so inform the parties in order that one of them may advance the required payment. If such payments are not made, the arbitrator may order the suspension or termination of the proceedings. If no arbitrator has yet been appointed, the IIIMA may suspend the proceedings.
E-1. Limitation on Extensions
Except in extraordinary circumstances, the IIIMA or the arbitrator may grant a party no more than seven-day extension of time to respond to the demand for arbitration or counterclaim as provided in Section R-4.
E-2. Changes of Claim or Counterclaim
A claim or counterclaim may be increased in amount, or a new or different claim or counterclaim added, upon the agreement of the other party, or the consent of the arbitrator. After the arbitrator is appointed, however, no new or different claim or counterclaim may be submitted except with the arbitrator's consent. If an increased claim or counterclaim exceeds $50000, or Rs.2, 50, 00,000/- the case will be administered under the regular procedures unless all parties and the arbitrator agree that the case may continue to be processed under the Expedited Procedures.
E-3. Serving of Notices
In addition to notice provided by Section R-39(b), the parties shall also accept notice by telephone. Telephonic notices by the IIIMA shall subsequently be confirmed in writing to the parties. Should there be a failure to confirm in writing any such oral notice; the proceeding shall nevertheless be valid if notice has, in fact, been given by telephone.
E-4. Appointment and Qualifications of Arbitrator
(a) The IIIMA shall simultaneously submit to each party an identical list of five proposed arbitrators drawn from its National Roster from which one arbitrator shall be appointed.
(b) The parties are encouraged to agree to an arbitrator from this list and to advise the IIIMA of their agreement. If the parties are unable to agree upon an arbitrator, each party may strike two names from the list and return it to the IIIMA within seven days from the date of the IIIMA’s mailing to the parties. If for any reason the appointment of an arbitrator cannot be made from the list, the IIIMA may make the appointment from other members of the panel without the submission of additional lists.
(c) The parties will be given notice by the IIIMA of the appointment of the arbitrator, who shall be subject to disqualification for the reasons specified in Section R-17. The parties shall notify the IIIMA within seven days of any objection to the arbitrator appointed. Any such objection shall be for cause and shall be confirmed in writing to the IIIMA with a copy to the other party or parties.
E-5. Exchange of Exhibits
At least two business days prior to the hearing, the parties shall exchange copies of all exhibits they intend to submit at the hearing. The arbitrator shall resolve disputes concerning the exchange of exhibits.
E-6. Proceedings on Documents
Where no party's claim exceeds $10,000, or Rs.5, 00,000 exclusive of interest and arbitration costs and other cases in which the parties agree, the dispute shall be resolved by submission of documents, unless any party requests an oral hearing, or the arbitrator determines that an oral hearing is necessary. The arbitrator shall establish a fair and equitable procedure for the submission of documents.
E-7. Date, Time, and Place of Hearing
In cases in which a hearing is to be held, the arbitrator shall set the date, time, and place of the hearing, to be scheduled to take place within 30 days of confirmation of the arbitrator's appointment. The IIIMA will notify the parties in advance of the hearing date.
E-8. The Hearing
(a) Generally, the hearing shall not exceed one day. Each party shall have equal opportunity to submit its proofs and complete its case. The arbitrator shall determine the order of the hearing, and may require further submission of documents within two days after the hearing. For good cause shown, the arbitrator may schedule additional hearings within seven business days after the initial day of hearings.
(b) Generally, there will be no stenographic record. Any party desiring a stenographic record may arrange for one pursuant to the provisions of Section R-26.
E-9. Time of Award
Unless otherwise agreed by the parties, the award shall be rendered not later than 14 days from the date of the closing of the hearing or, if oral hearings have been waived, from the date of the IIIMA 's transmittal of the final statements and proofs to the arbitrator.
E-10. Arbitrator's Compensation
Arbitrators will receive compensation at a rate to be suggested by the IIIMA regional office.
PROCEDURES FOR LARGE, COMPLEX COMMERCIAL DISPUTES
L-1. Administrative Conference
Prior to the dissemination of a list of potential arbitrators, the IIIMA shall, unless the parties agree otherwise, conduct an administrative conference with the parties and/or their attorneys or other representatives by conference call. The conference will take place within 14 days after the commencement of the arbitration. In the event the parties are unable to agree on a mutually acceptable time for the conference, the IIIMA may contact the parties individually to discuss the issues contemplated herein. Such administrative conference shall be conducted for the following purposes and for such additional purposes as the parties or the IIIMA may deem appropriate:
(a) to obtain additional information about the nature and magnitude of the dispute and the anticipated length of hearing and scheduling;
(b) to discuss the views of the parties about the technical and other qualifications of the arbitrators;
(c) to obtain conflicts statements from the parties; and
(d) to consider, with the parties, whether mediation or other non-adjudicative methods of dispute resolution might be appropriate.
(a) Large, Complex Commercial Cases shall be heard and determined by either one or three arbitrators, as may be agreed upon by the parties. If the parties are unable to agree upon the number of arbitrators and a claim or counterclaim involves at least $1,000,000, or Rs.5, 00, 00,000/-then three arbitrator(s) shall hear and determine the case. If the parties are unable to agree on the number of arbitrators and each claim and counterclaim is less than $1,000,000,or 5,00,00,000/- then one arbitrator shall hear and determine the case.
(b) The IIIMA shall appoint arbitrator(s) as agreed by the parties. If they are unable to agree on a method of appointment, the IIIMA shall appoint arbitrators from the Large, Complex Commercial Case Panel, in the manner provided in the Regular Commercial Arbitration Rules. Absent agreement of the parties, the arbitrator(s) shall not have served as the mediator in the mediation phase of the instant proceeding.
L-3. Preliminary Hearing
As promptly as practicable after the selection of the arbitrator(s), a preliminary hearing shall be held among the parties and/or their attorneys or other representatives and the arbitrator(s). Unless the parties agree otherwise, the preliminary hearing will be conducted by telephone conference call rather than in person. At the preliminary hearing the matters to be considered shall include, without limitation:
(a) service of a detailed statement of claims, damages and defenses, a statement of the issues asserted by each party and positions with respect thereto, and any legal authorities the parties may wish to bring to the attention of the arbitrator(s);
(b) stipulations to uncontested facts;
(c) the extent to which discovery shall be conducted;
(d) exchange and premarking of those documents which each party believes may be offered at the hearing;
(e) the identification and availability of witnesses, including experts, and such matters with respect to witnesses including their biographies and expected testimony as may be appropriate;
(f) whether, and the extent to which, any sworn statements and/or depositions may be introduced;
(g) the extent to which hearings will proceed on consecutive days;
(h) whether a stenographic or other official record of the proceedings shall be maintained;
(i) the possibility of utilizing mediation or other non-adjudicative methods of dispute resolution; and
(j) the procedure for the issuance of subpoenas.
By agreement of the parties and/or order of the arbitrator(s), the pre-hearing activities and the hearing procedures that will govern the arbitration will be memorialized in a Scheduling and Procedure Order.
L-4. Management of Proceedings
(a) Arbitrator(s) shall take such steps as they may deem necessary or desirable to avoid delay and to achieve a just, speedy and cost-effective resolution of Large, Complex Commercial Cases.
(b) Parties shall cooperate in the exchange of documents, exhibits and information within such party's control if the arbitrator(s) consider such production to be consistent with the goal of achieving a just, speedy and cost-effective resolution of a Large, Complex Commercial Case.
(c) The parties may conduct such discovery as may be agreed to by all the parties provided, however, that the arbitrator(s) may place such limitations on the conduct of such discovery as the arbitrator(s) shall deem appropriate. If the parties cannot agree on production of documents and other information, the arbitrator(s), consistent with the expedited nature of arbitration, may establish the extent of the discovery.
(d) At the discretion of the arbitrator(s), upon good cause shown and consistent with the expedited nature of arbitration, the arbitrator(s) may order depositions of, or the propounding of interrogatories to, such persons who may possess information determined by the arbitrator(s) to be necessary to determination of the matter.
(e) The parties shall exchange copies of all exhibits they intend to submit at the hearing 10 business days prior to the hearing unless the arbitrator(s) determine otherwise.
(f) The exchange of information pursuant to this rule, as agreed by the parties and/or directed by the arbitrator(s), shall be included within the Scheduling and Procedure Order.
(g) The arbitrator is authorized to resolve any disputes concerning the exchange of information.
(h) Generally hearings will be scheduled on consecutive days or in blocks of consecutive days in order to maximize efficiency and minimize costs.